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Prof. Dr. rer.nat. K. Andreas Friedrich
Topic 2 Spokesperson & Topic 4 Co-Spokesperson
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)
Prof. Dr. Detlef Stolten
Topic 4 Spokesperson & Topic 2 Co-Spokesperson
Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ)
Dr. Thomas Jordan
Contact person Topic 2 at KIT
+49 721 608 2 6105
thomas jordanEsk1∂kit edu

Topic 2 Electrolysis and Hydrogen

Electrolysis and Hydrogen represent vital options for a time when power will be supplied predominantly from intermittent solar or wind sources with the requirement of storing electricity on a TWh scale, for days to several weeks. Among outstanding features of hydrogen is its versatile use as a highly efficient and clean fuel for transportation in particular with fuel cell electric powertrains, its role as an important raw material in the chemical industry, its potential as a supplement of natural gas and as a basis for synthetic hydrocarbon fuels. Due to the presently high investment costs, R&D efforts for the polymer membrane electrolysis technology need to focus on cost reduction, efficient production and up-scaling. For solid oxide electrolysis new operational concepts, like operation with heat integration, co-electrolysis and bi-functional operation are envisioned. High pressure operational modes will be investigated as they promise improved efficiency and reduced system cost. In general, innovative system solutions for safe and efficient use of hydrogen need to be studied to strengthen their acceptance in society. These challenges will be addressed by an interdisciplinary approach involving material development, electrode and stack design, system layout and modelling/simulation. The Helmholtz research centres encompass the most significant and comprehensive expertise in electrolysis technology and the main activity on hydrogen safety in Germany.

 

Participating Helmholtz Centers: DLR, FZJ, KIT

Participating Institutes at KIT: ITES

Publications Topic 2 at KIT


2020
The impact of the catalyst layer structure on phosphoric acid migration in HT-PEFC – An operando X-ray tomographic microscopy study.
Halter, J.; Bevilacqua, N.; Zeis, R.; Schmidt, T. J.; Büchi, F. N.
2020. Journal of electroanalytical chemistry, 859, Article No.113832. doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2020.113832
2019
Porous N- and S-doped carbon-carbon composite electrodes by soft-templating for redox flow batteries.
Schnucklake, M.; Eifert, L.; Schneider, J.; Zeis, R.; Roth, C.
2019. Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 10, 1131–1139. doi:10.3762/BJNANO.10.113
Carbon felt electrodes for redox flow battery: Impact of compression on transport properties.
Banerjee, R.; Bevilacqua, N.; Mohseninia, A.; Wiedemann, B.; Wilhelm, F.; Scholta, J.; Zeis, R.
2019. Journal of energy storage, 26, Article: 100997. doi:10.1016/j.est.2019.100997
Solid mechanics simulation of reconstructed gas diffusion layers for PEMFCs.
Xiao, L.; Luo, M.; Zhang, H.; Zeis, R.; Sui, P.-C.
2019. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 166 (6), F377-F385. doi:10.1149/2.0421906jes
Experiments on combustion regimes for hydrogen/air mixtures in a thin layer geometry.
Kuznetsov, M.; Grune, J.
2019. International journal of hydrogen energy, 44 (17), 8727–8742. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.11.144
Hydrogen combustion experiments in a vertical semi-confined channel.
Friedrich, A.; Grune, J.; Sempert, K.; Kuznetsov, M.; Jordan, T.
2019. International journal of hydrogen energy, 44 (17), 9041–9049. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.06.098
Analysis of transient supersonic hydrogen release, dispersion and combustion.
Breitung, W.; Halmer, G.; Kuznetsov, M.; Xiao, J.
2019. International journal of hydrogen energy, 44 (17), 9089–9099. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.04.158
Recent development of membrane for vanadium redox flow battery applications: A review.
Shi, Y.; Eze, C.; Xiong, B.; He, W.; Zhang, H.; Lim, T. M.; Ukil, A.; Zhao, J.
2019. Applied energy, 238, 202–224. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.12.087
Characterization of carbon felt electrodes for vanadium redox flow batteries – A pore network modeling approach.
Banerjee, R.; Bevilacqua, N.; Eifert, L.; Zeis, R.
2019. Journal of energy storage, 21, 163–171. doi:10.1016/j.est.2018.11.014
2018
Flame folding and wrinkling factor for 2D and 3D hydrogen-air flames.
Kuznetsov, M.; Chaumeix, N.; Yanez, J.; Tengah, S.
2018. Joint Meeting of the German and Italian Sections of the Combustion Institute, 41st Meeting of the Italian Section of the Combustion Institute. Proceedings. Ed.: H. Bockhorn, 593–598, ASICI, Napoli
Shockless flame acceleration and DDT in open channels driven by hydraulic resistance.
Kuznetsov, M.; Yanez, J.; Bykov, V.
2018. Joint Meeting of the German and Italian Sections of the Combustion Institute, 41st Meeting of the Italian Section of the Combustion Institute. Proceedings. Ed.: H. Bockhorn, 532–537, ASICI, Napoli
Hydrogen flame propagation regimes in a thin layer compartment.
Kuznetsov, M.; Grune, J.
2018. 15th International Conference on Flow Dynamics (ICFD 2018), Sendai, J, November 7-11, 2018. Proceedings on USB-Stick, 364–365, Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University
Deflagrations of localised homogeneous and inhomogeneous hydrogen-air mixtures in enclosures.
Makarov, D.; Hooker, P.; Kuznetsov, M.; Molkov, V.
2018. International journal of hydrogen energy, 43 (20), 9848–9869. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.159
Pressure peaking phenomenon: Model validation against unignited release and jet fire experiments.
Makarov, D.; Shentsov, V.; Kuznetsov, M.; Molkov, V.
2018. International journal of hydrogen energy, 43 (19), 9454–9469. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.162
Differential Electrochemical Mass Spectrometry of Carbon Felt Electrodes for Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries.
Eifert, L.; Jusys, Z.; Banerjee, R.; Behm, R. J.; Zeis, R.
2018. ACS applied energy materials, 2018 (1), 6714–6718. doi:10.1021/acsaem.8b01550
Comparison of Electrospun Carbon−Carbon Composite and Commercial Felt for Their Activity and Electrolyte Utilization in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries.
Fetyan, A.; Schneider, J.; Schnucklake, M.; El-Nagar, G. A.; Banerjee, R.; Bevilacqua, N.; Zeis, R.; Roth, C.
2018. ChemElectroChem, 6 (1, SI), 130–135. doi:10.1002/celc.201801128
Comparing Novel PGM-Free, Platinum, and Alloyed Platinum Catalysts for HT-PEMFCs.
Bevilacqua, N.; Gokhale, R. R.; Serov, A.; Banerjee, R.; Schmid, M. A.; Atanassov, P.; Zeis, R.
2018. ECS transactions, 86 (13), 221–229. doi:10.1149/08613.0221ecst
Detached Eddy Simulation of hydrogen turbulent dispersion in nuclear containment compartment using GASFLOW-MPI.
Zhang, H.; Li, Y.; Xiao, J.; Jordan, T.
2018. International journal of hydrogen energy, 43 (29), 13659–13675. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.05.077
Characterization of Carbon Felt Electrodes for Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries: Impact of Treatment Methods.
Eifert, L.; Banerjee, R.; Jusys, Z.; Zeis, R.
2018. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 165 (11), A2577–A2586. doi:10.1149/2.0531811jes
Large eddy simulations of the all-speed turbulent jet flow using 3-D CFD code GASFLOW-MPI.
Zhang, H.; Li, Y.; Xiao, J.; Jordan, T.
2018. Nuclear engineering and design, 328, 134–144. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2017.12.032
Experimental and numerical investigations of hydrogen jet fire in a vented compartment.
Xiao, J.; Kuznetsov, M.; Travis, J. R.
2018. International journal of hydrogen energy, 43 (21), 10167–10184. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.178
Voxelization-based high-efficiency mesh generation method for parallel CFD code GASFLOW-MPI.
Yu, F.; Zhang, H.; Li, Y.; Xiao, J.; Class, A.; Jordan, T.
2018. Annals of nuclear energy, 117, 277–289. doi:10.1016/j.anucene.2018.03.045
Role of hydrogen tanks in the life cycle assessment of fuel cell-based auxiliary power units.
Agostini, A.; Belmonte, N.; Masala, A.; Hu, J.; Rizzi, P.; Fichtner, M.; Moretto, P.; Luetto, C.; Sgroi, M.; Baricco, M.
2018. Applied energy, 215, 1–12. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.01.095
2017
Study of the structural, thermodynamic and cyclic effects of vanadium and titanium substitution in laves-phase AB2 hydrogen storage alloys.
Ulmer, U.; Dieterich, M.; Pohl, A.; Dittmeyer, R.; Linder, M.; Fichtner, M.
2017. International journal of hydrogen energy, 42 (31), 20103–20110. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.06.137
Preparation of Li-Mg-N-H hydrogen storage materials for an auxiliary power unit.
Hu, J.; Fichtner, M.; Baricco, M.
2017. International journal of hydrogen energy, 42 (27), 17144–17148. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.06.021
Accelerated degradation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell gas diffusion layers. III. Mass transport resistance and liquid water accumulation at limiting current density with in operando synchrotron X-ray radiography.
George, M. G.; Liu, H.; Muirhead, D.; Banerjee, R.; Ge, N.; Shrestha, P.; Lee, J.; Chevalier, S.; Hinebaugh, J.; Messerschmidt, M.; Zeis, R.; Scholta, J.; Bazylak, A.
2017. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164 (7), F714-F721. doi:10.1149/2.0091707jes
Mechanically activated metathesis reaction in NaNH₂–MgH₂ powder mixtures.
Garroni, S.; Delogu, F.; Bonatto Minella, C.; Pistidda, C.; Cuesta-Lopez, S.
2017. Journal of materials science, 1–9. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1220-5
SSH2S: Hydrogen storage in complex hydrides for an auxiliary power unit based on high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells.
Baricco, M.; Bang, M.; Fichtner, M.; Hauback, B.; Linder, M.; Luetto, C.; Moretto, P.; Sgroi, M.
2017. Journal of power sources, 342, 853–860. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.107
2016
HYMEP the Model Evaluation Protocol for CFD analysis of hydrogen safety issues.
Baraldi, D.; Melideo, D.; Kotchourko, A.; Ren, K.; Yanez, J.; Jedicke, O.; Keenan, J.; Makarov, D.; Molkov, V.; Giannissi, S. G.; Tolias, I. C.; Venetsanos, A. G.; Coldrick, S.; Slater, S.; Verbecke, F.; Duclos, A.
2016. WHEC 2016 - 21st World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2016, Proceedings; Zaragoza; Spain; 13 June 2016 through 16 June 2016, 603–604, Spanish Hydrogen Association, AEH2, Madrid
Research infrastructures to support research and development on hydrogen technology.
Jedicke, O.
2016. 21st World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2016, WHEC 2016; Zaragoza; Spain; 13 June 2016 through 16 June 2016, 1071–1073, Spanish Hydrogen Association, AEH2, Madrid
Development of a model evaluation protocol for CFD analysis of hydrogen safety issues the SUSANA project.
Baraldi, D.; Melideo, D.; Kotchourko, A.; Ren, K.; Yanez, J.; Jedicke, O.; Giannissi, S. G.; Tolias, I. C.; Venetsanos, A. G.; Keenan, J.; Makarov, D.; Molkov, V.; Slater, S.; Verbecke, F.; Duclos, A.
2016. International journal of hydrogen energy, 42 (11), 7633–7643. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.212
Accelerated Degradation of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layers: Performance Degradation and Steady State Liquid Water Distributions with in Operando Synchrotron X-ray Radiography.
Liu, H.; George, M. G.; Ge, N.; Banerjee, R.; Chevalier, S.; Lee, J.; Shrestha, P.; Muirhead, D.; Hinebaugh, J.; Zeis, R.; Messerschmidt, M.; Scholta, J.; Bazylak, A.
2016. ECS transactions, 75 (14), 289–300. doi:10.1149/07514.0289ecst
Identification of polarization losses in high temperature PEM fuel cells by distribution of relaxation times analysis.
Schindler, S.; Weiß, A.; Galbiati, S.; Mack, F.; Danzer, M. A.; Zeis, R.
2016. ECS transactions, 75 (14), 45–53. doi:10.1149/07514.0045ecst
Phase-structural transformations in a metal hydride battery anode La1.5Nd0.5MgNi9 alloy and its electrochemical performance.
Volodin, A. A.; Wan, C.; Denys, R. V.; Tsirlina, G. A.; Tarasov, B. P.; Fichtner, M.; Ulmer, U.; Yu, Y.; Nwakwuo, C. C.; Yartys, V. A.
2016. International journal of hydrogen energy, 41 (23), 9954–9967. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.01.089
Hydrogen dynamics in β-Mg(BH₄)₂ on the picosecond timescale.
Silvi, L.; Röhm, E.; Fichtner, M.; Petry, W.; Lohstroh, W.
2016. Physical chemistry, chemical physics, 18 (21), 14323–14332. doi:10.1039/c6cp00995f
Role of the microporous layer in the redistribution of phosphoric acid in high temperature PEM fuel cell gas diffusion electrodes.
Chevalier, S.; Fazeli, M.; Mack, F.; Galbiati, S.; Manke, I.; Bazylak, A.; Zeis, R.
2016. Electrochimica acta, 212, 187–194. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2016.06.121
Experimental study and theoretical analysis of a ’strange wave’.
Yanez, J.; Kuznetsov, M.
2016. Combustion and flame, 167, 494–496. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2016.02.004
Thermochemical Energy Storage through De/Hydrogenation of Organic Liquids: Reactions of Organic Liquids on Metal Hydrides.
Ulmer, U.; Cholewa, M.; Diemant, T.; Bonatto Minella, C.; Dittmeyer, R.; Behm, R. J.; Fichtner, M.
2016. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 8 (22), 13993–14003. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b05537
Influence of the polytetrafluoroethylene content on the performance of high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrodes.
Mack, F.; Morawietz, T.; Hiesgen, R.; Kramer, D.; Gogel, V.; Zeis, R.
2016. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41 (18), 7475–7483. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.02.156
Improved hydrogen storage properties of LiBH₄ via nanoconfinement in micro- and mesoporous aerogel-like carbon.
Surrey, A.; Bonatto Minella, C.; Fechler, N.; Antonietti, M.; Grafe, H.-J.; Schultz, L.; Rellinghaus, B.
2016. International journal of hydrogen energy, 41 (12), 5540–5548. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.01.163
Evaluation of Electrolyte Additives for High-Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells.
Mack, F.; Galbiati, S.; Gogel, V.; Jörissen, L.; Zeis, R.
2016. ChemElectroChem, 3 (5), 770–773. doi:10.1002/celc.201500561
2015
Perfluoroalkyl-Phosphonic Acid Adsorption on Polycrystalline Platinum and Its Influence on the Oxygen Reduction Reaction.
Heider, E.; Jusys, Z.; Behm, R. J.; Jörissen, L.; Zeis, R.
2015. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119 (33), 18859–18869. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b03858
Experimental investigation of H₂-air deflagration in the presence of longitudinal concentration gradients.
Kuznetsov, M.; Grune, J.; Kudriakov, S.; Studer, E.
2015. International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2015), Nice, F, May 3-6, 2015, Paper 15360, Omnipress, Madison, WI
Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems.
L’Hostis, B.; Houssin-Agbomson, D.; Jallais, S.; Vyazmina, E.; Dang-Nhu, G.; Bernard-Michel, G.; Kuznetsov, M.; Molkov, V.; Chernyavskiy, B.; Shentsov, V.; Makarov, D.; Dey, R.; Hooker, P.; Baraldi, D.; Weidner, E.; Melideo, D.; Palmisano, V.; Venetsanos, A.; Der Kinderen, J.
2015. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS 2015), Yokohama, J, October 19-21, 2015. Ed.: N. N. Carcassi, Paper ID 209
The pressure peaking phenomenon: Validation for unignited releases in laboratory-scale enclosure.
Shentsov, V.; Kuznetsov, M.; Molkov, V.
2015. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS 2015), Yokohama, J, October 19-21, 2015. Ed.: N. N. Carcassi, Paper ID 148
Venting deflagrations of local hydrogen-air mixture.
Makarov, D.; Molkov, V.; Hooker, P.; Kuznetsov, M.
2015. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS 2015), Yokohama, J, October 19-21, 2015. Ed.: N. N. Carcassi, Paper ID 196
Exerimental study of 2D-instabilities of hydrogen flames in flat layers.
Kuznetsov, M.; Grune, J.; Tengah, S.; Yanez, J.
2015. 25th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems (ICDERS 2015), Leeds, GB, August 2-7, 2015. Ed.: M. I. Radulescu. Proceedings, Paper No.313
An analysis of flame instabilities based on Sivashinky equation.
Yanez, J.; Kuznetsov, M.
2015. 25th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems (ICDERS 2015), Leeds, GB, August 2-7, 2015. Ed.: M. I. Radulescu. Proceedings, Paper No.261
Flame instability in a mm-scale layer.
Kuznetsov, M.; Yanez, J.
2015. 12th International Conference on Flow Dynamics (ICFD 2015), Sendai, J, October 27-29, 2015 Proceedings, 230–231
Flame acceleration and deflagration-to-detonation transition in a torus geometry.
Kuznetsov, M.; Grune, J.
2015. 12th International Conference on Flow Dynamics (ICFD 2015), Sendai, J, October 27-29, 2015 Proceedings, 224–225
Sorption properties and reversibility of Ti(IV) and Nb(V)-fluoride doped-Ca(BH₄)₂-MgH₂ system.
Minella, C. B.; Garroni, S.; Pistidda, C.; Baro, M. D.; Gutfleisch, O.; Klassen, T.; Dornheim, M.
2015. Journal of alloys and compounds, 622, 989–994. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.11.038
Hybrid H₂/Al dust explosions in Siwek sphere.
Denkevits, A.; Hoess, B.
2015. Journal of loss prevention in the process industries, 36, 509–521. doi:10.1016/j.jlp.2015.03.024
Flammability limits and burning characteristics of CO-H₂O-CO₂-N₂ mixtures at elevated temperatures.
Grune, J.; Breitung, W.; Kuznetsov, M.; Yanez, J.; Jang, W.; Shim, W.
2015. International journal of hydrogen energy, 40 (31), 9838–9846. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.06.004
Experimental investigation of non-ideality and non-adiabatic effects under high pressure releases.
Kuznetsov, M.; Pariset, S.; Friedrich, A.; Stern, G.; Travis, J.; Jordan, T.
2015. International journal of hydrogen energy, 40 (46), 16398–16407. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.10.037
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as a diagnostic tool for high-temperature PEM fuel cells.
Mack, F.; Laukenmann, R.; Galbiati, S.; Kerres, J. A.; Zeis, R.
2015. ECS transactions, 69, 1075–1087. doi:10.1149/06917.1075ecst
Cost reduction possibilities of vanadium-based solid solutions - Microstructural, thermodynamic, cyclic and environmental effects of ferrovanadium substitution.
Ulmer, U.; Asano, K.; Patyk, A.; Enoki, H.; Nakamura, Y.; Pohl, A.; Dittmeyer, R.; Fichtner, M.
2015. Journal of alloys and compounds, 648, 1024–1030. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.07.110
Medium-scale experiments on vented hydrogen deflagration.
Kuznetsov, M.; Friederich, A.; Stern, G.; Kotchourko, N.; Jallais, S.; L’Hostis, B.
2015. Journal of loss prevention in the process industries, 36, 416–428. doi:10.1016/j.jlp.2015.04.013
Novel phosphoric acid-doped PBI-blends as membranes for high-temperature PEM fuel cells.
Mack, F.; Aniol, K.; Ellwein, C.; Kerres, J.; Zeis, R.
2015. Journal of materials chemistry / A, 3 (20), 10864–10874. doi:10.1039/C5TA01337B
Pd-based membranes in hydrogen production for fuel cells.
Bredesen, R.; Peters, T. A.; Boeltken, T.; Dittmeyer, R.
2015. Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion Weinheim. Hrsg.: F. Gallucci, 209–242, Wiley-VCH