Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures – for the renewable energy age
New Program within the Research Field Energy of the Helmholtz Association
On 3rd August 2011, the German Government adopted the 6th Energy Research Program, entitled “Research for an environmentally sound, reliable, and affordable energy supply”. The goals defined in the document provide the foundation for the content and shape of the Helmholtz programs. The programs are in line with the goals outlined in the government’s High-Tech Strategy for Germany and in its Strategy for the Internationalisation of Science and Research.
For present period of program-oriented funding (PoF III) of Helmholtz, which will run from 2015 to 2019, the Research Field Energy will therefore use the findings of its on-going scientific work and the current challenges facing society as a basis for restructuring, refocusing, and further developing its programmes. To better leverage the expertise and potential of Helmholtz research, closer links will be established among all the individual themes, topics, and programs in energy research. This network will also extend beyond the Research Field Energy, thus connecting its work to every other research field within the Helmholtz Association.
For the success of the German Energiewende, it is mandatory to develop economically efficient energy storage systems and to design and link important infrastructures for energy transmission and distribution. Supply of energy based mostly on renewable energy sources requires three important new technical solutions. First, adequate energy storage to compensate volatile energy generation and to bridge seasonal fluctuations in supply and demand, second, technologies and infrastructures to master the upcoming challenges of energy transmission and distribution, and, third, a much better link between different energy carriers (e.g. gas, electricity) to secure reliable, flexible, efficient, and economic energy supply. These are the guidelines for the following R&D topics in this programme. The main research topics include many technical options and aim for prompt application, eco-friendly manufacturing, high efficiency, and safe and reliable system integration. The programme has important links and contributes to the joint energy storage programme of the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA).
Participating Helmholtz Centers:
In the renewable energies era, grid frequency will be an increasingly important indicator of stability of power supply. Under the direction of the Helmholtz Association, an interdisciplinary research consortium has analyzed frequency fluctuations in twelve synchronous grid areas on three continents. For data recording, scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have developed a portable, GPS-synchronized recorder based on a new measurement technology. First results have now been published in Nature Communications. (DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-19732-7)Press Release 116/2020
Increased use of renewable energy sources in future will require large storage capacities. As resources are scarce, alternatives to lithium-ion technology are studied. Within the framework of the “BiFlow” project, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and partners now develop a novel hybrid storage system that combines specific advantages of the lithium-ion battery with those of the redox-flow battery and can also be used to store heat. The project is funded with EUR 1.3 million by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).Press Release 107/2020
Stefano Passerini is one of the eight KIT researchers who are among the most cited scientists worldwide this year. This ranking was compiled by the Web of Science Group based on publications from 2009 to 2019.KIT News
In Munich, the longest superconducting cable in the world is to be realized and used economically. KIT is involved in the project.KIT News
To contribute to global climate protection, Germany has to rapidly and comprehensively minimize the use of fossil energy sources and to transform the energy system accordingly. The Helmholtz Association’s research initiative “Energy System 2050” has studied how and by which means this can be achieved. One of the partners is Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). At the final conference in Berlin, scientists of the participating research centers presented their results.Press Release 84/2020
Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Jilin University in Changchun/China investigated a highly promising anode material for future high-performance batteries – lithium lanthanum titanate with a perovskite crystal structure (LLTO). As the team reported in the Nature Communications journal, LLTO can improve the energy density, power density, charging rate, safety, and cycle life of batteries without requiring a decrease of the particle size from micro to nano scale. (DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-17233-1)Press Release 64/2020